The concept of justification, which was introduced into the theological vernacular in the 16th century, is laid out by St. Paul most elaborately in Romans. Chapters 2 through 6, in particular, speak of “justification.” It is difficult to appreciate what Paul says without reading the introduction to the situation in Romans 2. Consider verse 25, […]

It is timely to note, during this Christmas season, Paul’s theology of the fool for Christ: the Christian believer who adheres to the message of the gospel. As I was writing my previous post on Matthew’s account of the birth of Jesus, it struck me that Herod played the fool in Matthew’s account. In Herod’s […]

The Gospels of Luke and Matthew tell us the story of the events concerning the birth of Jesus, son of Mary and Joseph. If you read both accounts, you will find different key events. The Sacred Author Luke tells us that there was a census and for that reason Joseph took Mary from Nazareth, in […]

A favorite passage from the bible is the Good Shepherd account in John chapter 10. Jesus tells this story while standing on the steps of the outer courtyard of the temple in Jerusalem. To modern readers the story that Jesus unwinds is very generic – Jesus is to the disciples what the Good Shepherd is […]

This topic is challenging because the term “covenant” occurs more than 300 times in the Pentateuch and Hebrew Scripture. It is usually translated from the Hebrew term b’rit and the Greek term diatheke. Even to say that the first covenant was made with Abraham is inaccurate, since God made an agreement both with Adam and […]